Archaeologists have discovered signs of the first people that lived in the Connecticut River area in Vermont, dating back to about 7,000 BC. These people lived in the lowland areas of the region, and by 5,000 BC, the population had grown. Permanent traces of the people’s native villages, woodworking tools and primitive canoes have been found in the area. Other tools like hunting bows and arrows, bowls and even art objects have been found in the area that date back to 900 BC.The whole story can be found at http://climate-connections.org/2012/05/17/sign-on-stand-with-the-first-vermonters-support-tribal-forests/
In 1100 AD, farming communities began to pop up in the Connecticut River area in Vermont. The people responsible for these farms were Abenaki people, a tribe of the Algonquin nation. Traces of Abenaki villages including crude huts and tools have been found near the Connecticut River and near the Winooski River. With the arrival of explorer Samuel de Champlain in 1609 disease devastated the native population, and the difficult to farm land no longer produced enough food for the Abenaki people. By 1800, the Abenaki people had been wiped out by Europeans settlers.