At 407 miles long, the Connecticut River is the longest river in the New England States. It begins in New Hampshire’s Fourth Connecticut Lake and flows southward to Long Island Sound. The Connecticut river is the Eastern border of Vermont, but it’s owned by New Hampshire.
The Connecticut River in Vermont is the descendant of Glacial Lake Hitchcock, which began to drain and break up into the Connecticut Lakes starting about 10,000 years ago. However, for a long time the Connecticut river was polluted. Now, it’s considered a Class B river, which means that people can fish and swim in it. It’s now also habitat for many types of fish, including the Northern pike, the rainbow and brown trout, the smallmouth and largemouth bass, the white and black crappie and walleye. Another fish to be found is the marine lamprey, which is an ancient, jawless fish.
Mammals who live around Vermont’s part of the Connecticut River include the American opossum. Beavers have also built dams and lodges in parts of the river. The river and its environs is also home to the snapping turtle, the timber rattlesnake and the northern water snake. Birds include the bald eagle, the common loon, the common merganser, the great blue heron and belted kingfisher, all birds that feed on fish and reptiles found in the river.